One of the most common houseplants in america and one of the most mistreated is the Philodendron. Found in households and office buildings around the world, the most common variety is often seen as a straggly 10 foot long sparse vine Philodendron Birkin with a few heart formed leaves spread along its length. Philodendrons develop in the tropics and are the main Aroid family (Araceae). Philodendrons plants come in many shapes and sizes, from small trailing vines to giant trees and shrubs. There are many different species of Philodendrons, each possessing its characteristics as to leaf size, shape or coloring.
Most Philodendrons have reached home in the jungles of tropical America and are suited for medium filtered-light intensity similar to a lustrous bush floor. Because of this adaption, they are prime candidates for making it through in the low to medium light of many homes and offices. While most philodendrons will do well in low-light situations, the more colorful varieties require lighter locations.
Philodendrons grow best in a somewhat securely fitting pot and will form a nice intertwined ball of roots, so you can plant them in a pot which might almost seem too small. Pot your philodendron in the late winter or in the spring. Fill the bottom of the pot one one fourth full with broken crocks for easy drainage, which will then be covered with a moss, lawn or coarse leaves to prevent the drainage from becoming clogged. Feed your philodendron in the spring and again in midsummer with a liquid house plant fertilizer. You can multiply your own philodendrons by taking a cutting with at least 2 joints on it and planting it.
The plant will accept low light conditions, but weak hands light will cause the plant to be sparse, with new leaves growing in smaller and further apart on the originate. All philodendrons should be checked regularly and kept smoothly humid. Over watering may cause yellow leaves and under watering will cause the leaves to turn brown and fall off. Never allow soil get so dry that the leaves start to wilt, this may mean that small, fine root fur that absorb moisture and nutrients are in trouble. Clean the leaves with soapy water or an insecticide regularly to prevent the pores from becoming clogged up with dust and to control pests.